Tag Archives: IT Essentials v5.0 Exam

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 12 Exam Answers

1

Which two operating systems can be upgraded to Windows XP Home? (Choose two.)

Windows 95
Windows 3.1
Windows 98*
Windows 98 SE
Windows NT workstation*

2
A customer using a Windows XP computer is complaining that a new card reader is not working. A technician tests the card reader on a Windows 7 computer and does not detect any problems. What are two possible solutions to the problem with the XP computer? (Choose two.)

Install additional RAM.
Modify the options in the BIOS.
Install the driver from the CD provided with the card reader.*
Download and install the driver from the manufacturer of the card reader.*
Update the CMOS firmware.

3
A technician is replacing an internal hard drive used as a secondary drive on a PC. After connecting the new hardware and powering up the computer, an “OS not found” error message is displayed. What is the most probable cause for that error message?

The power supply is faulty.
The hard drive jumper is set incorrectly.*
The motherboard needs replacing to be able to support the new hard drive.
The USB port has too many attached devices to supply adequate power.
The BIOS needs updating.

4
A technician is upgrading an older PC with a dual core CPU. When the PC restarts, it is slower than it was before the upgrade. The Performance tab from the Task Manager displays only one CPU graph. What is the most probable solution to this problem?

Replace the HDD with a higher capacity hard drive.
Overclock the CPU.
Increase the amount of RAM available.
Update the BIOS firmware to support the dual core CPU.*

5
A laptop that is running Windows XP displays “Missing NTLDR” after the POST. What are the two most probable reasons for this problem? (Choose two.)

Boot.ini is missing or damaged.*
There is a conflict with a newly installed device.
BOOTMGR has been corrupted.
The boot order is not set correctly in the BIOS.*
The index service is not indexing in the correct locations.

6
Several times during the last few days, a user has experienced the Blue Screen of Death when plugging an external hard drive into a laptop via USB. What is a possible solution for this problem?

Reinstall the operating system.
Upgrade the operating system.
Research the STOP error and the name of the module that produced the error.*
Research the boot error beep code to identify the source of the error.

7
A computer repeatedly locks without any error message. Which two conditions may be the cause of the problem? (Choose two.)

The UAC has been turned off.
The user has breached the user security policy.
The computer has a virus.*
The index service is not running.
The CPU needs to be upgraded.
An update has corrupted the operating system.*

8
What are two possible solutions to any Windows computer restarting continuously and never displaying the desktop? (Choose two.)

Upgrade the processor.
Upgrade the video card.
Press F8 to open the Advanced Options menu and choose Disable Automatic Restart on System Failure.*
Reset the hard drive jumpers.
Run chkdsk /F /R from the recovery console.*
Access the BIOS and change the boot order options.

9
A PC is not able to connect to a wired network. Pinging the loopback address is successful, but the gateway cannot be reached. On the network switch all the interface lights are on, except for the interface connected to the PC. The LED on the network card is off. What is the most likely cause of this problem?

The network switch is faulty.
The gateway needs to be fixed.
The network cable is faulty.*
The PC has an incorrect IP address for the DNS server.

10
Users in a recently installed wireless network are complaining of slow data transfer and frequent loss of connectivity. The technician checks that the wireless security is correctly implemented, and there is no evidence of unauthorized users on the network. Which two problems might the technician suspect? (Choose two.)

The wireless signal is too weak.*
The DHCP server is faulty.
There is interference from outside sources.*
The antenna on the access point is too powerful.
The network passwords need to be reissued to the users.

11
A group of users is unable to connect to the network. When testing several of the PCs and issuing the command ipconfig, the technician notices that all of them have an IP address in the 169.254.x.x range. What is the most likely cause of this problem?

The DNS server is not operational.
The Internet connectiion is down.
The gateway address is incorrect.
The DHCP server is not operational.*

12
A technician is working on a laptop that has a dark display. After attaching an external display and verifying that it works, the technician now has a better idea as to the problem. What could be the problem?

The display driver is incorrect.
The motherboard has failed.
The CPU has failed.
The power inverter of the LCD screen or backlight lamp has failed.*

13
A technician replaces a laptop keyboard that was no longer functioning, and has verified that the newly replaced keyboard functions properly. What is the final step the technician should take as part of the troubleshooting process?

Ask a list of closed-ended questions.
Research the problem.
Document all findings, actions, and outcomes.*
Implement preventive measures.

14
A user complains that when a page is printed on a laser printer, the page smears when touched. What is a possible cause of this issue?

The laser assembly is faulty.
The EP drum is damaged.
The pickup rollers are defective.
The fuser has failed.*

15
A technician finds that occasionally when a network printer is restarted, clients are unable to print to it, receiving a “Document failed to print” message. What is a probable cause of this?

The drum is damaged.
The printer does not have enough memory.
The toner level in the EP cartridge is low.
The power supply on the printer is failing.
The printer is configured to get an IP address using DHCP.*

16
A user complains that a printer is outputting random characters instead of the desired document. What is a probable cause of this?

There is dirt or debris in the printer.
The printer does not have enough memory.
The pickup rollers are defective.
An incorrect print driver is installed.*

17
A freshly installed Windows 7 laptop is plugged into the network and configured with an IP address. The technician then attempts to ping the laptop from another computer. While the laptop is able to connect to other devices, the ping requests fail. What is the likely cause?

The network drivers for the NIC are out of date.
The port speed for the NIC is incorrect.
TPM must be enabled.
The Windows Firewall is blocking ping requests.*

18
A computer displays this message when the computer boots: “MBR has been changed or modified.” What could cause this problem?

The CMOS battery has failed.
A RAM module is not fully inserted into the memory slot.
A virus has altered the Windows kernel.
A boot sector virus has altered the master boot record.*

19
Users are complaining that they are receiving spam from the email account that belongs to a co-worker. What could cause this problem?

A virus has damaged the master boot record on the system that is used by the co-worker.
The network adapter on the computer that is used by the co-worker is malfunctioning.
The email account belonging to the co-worker was hijacked because of malware.*
The email client belonging to the co-worker is not configured properly.

20
A technician is troubleshooting a laptop that has the power light on and the hard drive spinning. However, the laptop only displays vertical lines that change color. What is the problem?

The BIOS is corrupt.
The LCD screen has failed.*
The backlight lamp has failed.
The LCD screen inverter has failed.

21
A technician is troubleshooting a laser printer that outputs blank paper for all print jobs including printer test pages. What is a probable cause?

The laser printer does not have adequate memory.
The drum is failing to hold a charge.*
The drum wiper blade is worn.
The fuser has failed.

23
A technician arrives and asks a customer, “Can you describe the problem?” The customer replies, “All email messages that I send have the wrong date. I have restarted the computer several times, but this does not seem to help.”
What could be the problem?

The MBR is corrupted.
The CPU voltage is set too low.
The CMOS battery has failed.*
The hard drive is beginning to fail.

24
A technician is troubleshooting a Windows 7 laptop infected with a virus that has damaged the master boot record. The technician has booted the laptop using the installation media and is attempting to repair the laptop from the command line interface. Which two commands can the technician use to repair the corrupt master boot record? (Choose two.)

regedit
chkdsk
regedt32
bootrec /fixboot*
bootrec /fixmbr*

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 11 Exam Answers

1

Which two actions should a technician take if illegal content, such as child pornography, is discovered on the hard drive of a customer computer? (Choose two.)

Contact a first responder.*
Confront the customer immediately.
Shut down the computer until authorities arrive.
Document as much information as possible.*
Remove and destroy the hard drive.

2
What is the definition of cyber law?

a single law defining criminal acts that are committed online
a contract that defines expectations between and organization and IT service vendors for an agreed upon level of support
the process of collecting and analyzing data from computer systems, networks, wireless communications, and storage devices
the collection of international, country, and local laws that affect computer security professionals*

3
When performing computer forensics, what can be prevented with a properly and carefully documented chain of custody?

identity theft
copying of copyrighted materials
evidence tampering*
cyber crime

4
During the process of troubleshooting, a technician gains access to customer private information. What is expected that the technician do with this information?

Send this information to the manager of the customer.
Back up the information just in case the customer needs it some day.
Document all information in a log file.
Send this information to the technician manager.
Keep it confidential.*

5

Refer to the exhibit. During the troubleshooting of software that is installed on a computer system, a level one technician requires help from a level two technician. The file shown in the exhibit must be sent to the level two technician. How should the level one technician deliver this file?

Send the file as it is to the level two technician.
Deliver the file in printed format only.
Replace all passwords in the file with before emailing the file and then supply the passwords by secure means, if required.*
This file should not be shared with the level two technician.

6
What are two sections that are usually included in an SLA? (Choose two.)

supported equipment and software*
home contact information of the technician
service provider part suppliers
time of service availability*
contact information of other clients

7
Which two rules pertain to the general daily activities of employees in a call center environment? (Choose two.)

The technician should contact the customer if the technician is going to be late for a follow-up appointment.*
The technician should adjust the work chair to a height that is high enough so that wrists angle downwards toward the keyboard.
The technician should be sure to treat all customers equally.*
If a customer complains about another technician, the technician who is taking the call should agree with opinion of the customer.
If a technician takes a call from a customer the technician does not like, the technician should pass the call to another technician.

8
Which statement describes a best practice related to time management?

The technician can take the call of another technician, even without permission to do so.
The technician should give better service to a customer for whom the technician feels more sympathy.
The technician should take the easier calls first, regardless of the urgency.
The technician should make sure to call the customer back as close to the callback time as possible.*

9
Which two statements are correct about level one and level two technicians? (Choose two.)

Level two technicians usually respond to the “down calls” as they may be able to resolve them faster.*
Level one technicians usually work on the problems that require opening up the computer case.
Level two technicians are often referred to as “incident screeners,” and level one technicians are often referred to as “product specialists.”
Level two technicians are usually more knowledgeable about technology than the level one technicians are.*
Level two technicians prepare a work order and escalate it to a level one technician if a problem cannot be resolved within ten minutes.

10
What should a level two technician do immediately after receiving an escalated work order from a level one technician?

Call the customer back to ask any additional questions and resolve the problem.*
Call the level one technician and ask questions about the problem.
Document suggestions to solve the problem in the work order and return it to the level one technician.
Send the work order to a level three technician and ask for support.

11
A customer calls to report a computer problem. Which two actions can the technician take to establish a good rapport with the customer? (Choose two.)

Use technical terms to determine the level of knowledge the customer possesses.
Allow the customer to speak without interruption.*
Personalize the call by periodically asking questions unrelated to the computer problem.
Refer to the customer by name whenever possible.*
Ask only closed-ended questions.

12
What is the correct way to conduct a telephone call to troubleshoot a computer problem?

Always gather information from the customer and escalate the problem.
Ask personal questions to get better acquainted with the customer.
Explain each step to help the customer understand the troubleshooting process.
Maintain professional behavior at all times.*

13
A technician receives a call from a customer who is too talkative. How should the technician handle the call?

Politely step in and gain control of the call by asking the customer social questions.
Allow the customer to speak without interruption and then try to use closed-ended questions to gather data.*
Use open-ended questions and repeat all the information back to the customer to politely show that unnecessary information is being given.
Talk over the customer and quickly gather the necessary information to be of help.

14
What are two examples of displaying professional communication skills while talking to a customer? (Choose two.)

focusing on what you cannot do to give customers an idea of the magnitude of the problem
clarifying what customers say after they have finished their explanations*
interrupting customers with a question to gather more information
asking customers to paraphrase their explanations
the use of active listening, with occasional interjections such as “I see” or “I understand”*

15
What are three pieces of information a level one technician should gather from a customer? (Choose three.)

details of any recent changes to the computer*
description of the problem*
output from diagnostic software
output from a remote connection to the customer computer
current CMOS settings
contact information*

16
Which situation would require that a support desk call be given the highest priority?

A couple of computers have operating system errors.
The company cannot operate because of a system failure.*
Some computers cannot log in to the network.
Two users are requesting an application enhancement.
A user is requesting a RAM memory upgrade.

17
Which two data storage locations contain persistent data that can be used by computer forensics specialists? (Choose two.)

solid state drives*
CPU registers
RAM
hard disk drives*
cache

18
In a computer forensics investigation, which type of data is considered volatile data and can be lost if power is removed from the computer?

data in transit between RAM and the CPU*
data stored on an internal drive
data stored on an external drive
data stored on magnetic disks

19
What customer support procedure would likely cause an upset customer to become more upset?

Ask the customer to do obvious or unnecessary steps.*
Reiterate that you want to solve the problem.
Follow a step-by-step approach to solving the problem.
Apologize for the wait time if there has been no wait time.

20
What name is given to a certain set of general rules that apply to written communication over the Internet?

flame wars
online interactions
Internet slang
netiquette*

21
When performing computer forensics what is required to prove a chain of custody?

an admission of guilt
collected evidence
proper documentation procedures*
expert testimony

22
What is a reason to escalate a problem from a level one technician to a level two technician?

when the equipment needs to be rebooted
when the screen resolution of a customer PC needs to be adjusted
when drivers, applications, or operating systems need to be installed*
when a peripheral device needs to be replaced

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 10 Exam Answers

1

A user receives a phone call from a person who claims to represent IT services and then asks that user for confirmation of username and password for auditing purposes. Which security threat does this phone call represent?

social engineering*
anonymous keylogging
spam
DDoS

2
Which two security precautions will help protect a workplace against social engineering? (Choose two.)

ensuring that each use of an access card allows access to only one user at the time*
ensuring that all operating system and antivirus software is up to date
encrypting all sensitive data stored on the servers
performing daily data backups
registering and escorting all visitors to the premises*

3
What are two typical physical security precautions that a business can take to protect its computers and systems? (Choose two.)

Perform daily data backups.
Replace any software firewalls with a hardware firewall.
Implement biometric authentication.*
Ensure that all operating system and antivirus software is up to date.
Disable the autorun feature in the operating system.*

4
Which physical security technology can hold user authentication information, include software license protection, provide encryption, and provide hardware and software authentication that is specific to the host system?

biometric authentication
Trusted Platform Module (TPM)*
card key access
two-factor security

5
It has been noted that the computers of employees who use removable flash drives are being infected with viruses and other malware. Which two actions can help prevent this problem in the future? (Choose two.)

Set virus protection software to scan removable media when data is accessed.*
Configure the Windows Firewall to block the ports that are used by viruses.
Enable the TPM in the CMOS settings.
Repair, delete, or quarantine the infected files.
Disable the autorun feature in the operating system.*

6
In which situation would a computer technician use the fixmbr command at the command prompt of a Windows XP computer to resolve a security issue?

when unauthorized users have changed the CMOS settings and the CMOS password must be reset
when a virus has damaged the master boot record of the system disk*
when a virus has damaged the boot sector of the system disk
when the folder permissions for user members of a group are incorrect

7
All users working with a particular Windows 7 computer are able to install unauthorized software. In addition to educating the users about correct security behavior, which action should also be performed to solve this issue?

Set the user folder permissions to Deny.
Disable the users’ accounts.
Change the user file permissions to Read Only.
Enable UAC on the computer.*

8
You want to dispose of a 2.5 terabyte hard drive that contains confidential financial information. What is the recommended procedure to achieve this?

Use data wiping.
Drill through the HDD.
Smash the platters with a hammer.*
Immerse the HDD in a weak solution of bicarbonate of soda.

9
What is the most effective way of securing wireless traffic?

WPA2*
SSID hiding
WEP
wireless MAC filtering

10
Which two items are used in asymmetric encryption? (Choose two.)

a token
a TPM
a private key*
a DES key
a public key*

11
Which two characteristics describe a worm? (Choose two.)

hides in a dormant state until needed by an attacker
infects computers by attaching to software code
executes when software is run on a computer
is self-replicating*
travels to new computers without any intervention or knowledge of the user*

12
Which type of security threat uses email that appears to be from a legitimate sender and asks the email recipient to visit a website to enter confidential information?

worm
phishing*
adware
stealth virus

13
Which three questions should be addressed by organizations developing a security policy? (Choose three.)
How should future expansion be done?

What are the possible threats to the assets of the organization?*
What is to be done in the case of a security breach?*
When do the assets need protecting?
What assets require protection?*
What insurance coverage is required?

14
What does a malware detection program look for when running a scan?

a service pack
patterns in the programming code of the software on a computer*
mirror sites
patches that prevent a newly discovered virus or worm from making a successful attack

15
Port triggering has been configured on a wireless router. Port 25 has been defined as the trigger port and port 113 as an open port. What effect does this have on network traffic?

Any traffic that is using port 25 going out of the internal network will also be allowed to transmit out port 113.
All traffic that is sent into port 25 to the internal network will also be allowed to use port 113.
All traffic that is sent out port 25 will open port 113 to allow inbound traffic into the internal network through port 113.*
Any traffic that comes into port 25 allows outgoing port 113 to be used.

16
Which two characteristics of network traffic are being monitored if a network technician configures the company firewall to operate as a packet filter? (Choose two.)

packet size
physical addresses
protocols*
packet speed
ports*

17
What is the primary goal of a DoS attack?

to facilitate access to external networks
to prevent the target server from being able to handle additional requests*
to scan the data on the target server
to obtain all addresses in the address book within the server

18
Which question would be an example of an open-ended question that a technician might ask when troubleshooting a security issue?

Have you scanned your computer recently for viruses?
What symptoms are you experiencing?*
Did you open any attachments from a suspicious email message?
Is your security software up to date?

19
Which action would help a technician to determine if a denial of service attack is being caused by malware on a host?

Install rogue antivirus software on the host.
Log on to the host as a different user.
Disable ActiveX and Silverlight on the host.
Disconnect the host from the network.*

20
A technician is troubleshooting a computer security issue. The computer was compromised by an attacker as a result of the user having a weak password. Which action should the technician take as a preventive measure against this type of attack happening in the future?

Ensure the security policy is being enforced.*
Check the computer for the latest OS patches and updates.
Scan the computer with protection software.
Verify the physical security of all offices.

21
A user has reported that a computer web browser will not display the correct home page even if the default page is reset. What is the likely cause of this problem?

A virus has damaged the boot sector of the system disk.
The computer has been infected with spyware.*
UAC has been disabled on the computer.
Folder permissions have been changed from Deny to Allow.

22
What is the name given to the programming-code patterns of viruses?

mirrors
signatures*
virus definition tables
grayware

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 9 Exam Answers

1

Which factor affects the speed of an inkjet printer?

the desired quality of the image*
the cost of the inkjet cartridges
the size of printer power supply
the quality of the paper

2
What are two cables that are used to connect a computer to a printer? (Choose two.)

FireWire*
HDMI
serial*
PS/2
eSATA

3
What is a characteristic of thermal inkjet nozzles?

Heat is applied to the ink reservoir of each nozzle.
The vibration of the crystal controls the flow of ink.
A charge is applied to the printhead.
The heat creates a bubble of steam in the chamber.*

4
In laser printing, what is the name of the process of applying toner to the latent image on the drum?

fusing
developing*
charging
transferring

5
What is the purpose of the Additional Drivers button in the Sharing tab of the Printer Properties?

to add additional drivers for other operating systems*
to add additional drivers for duplex printing
to add additional drivers for other printers connected to the computer
to add additional drivers for other printers in the network

6
A small LAN uses a shared printer that is connected to a computer. None of the users can print but all of the users can access the shared resources on the computer to which the printer is locally connected. What is a possible cause of this?

The cable that connects the printer to the PC is faulty.*
The printer needs a new ribbon.
The printer has the wrong paper loaded.
The printer spool is full.

7
How would a user install a new USB printer on a PC that is running Windows 7 Professional?

Configure the BIOS to accept the specific model of printer in the USB port.
Copy the printer driver to the System32 folder.
Click Start > All programs > Control Panel > Printers and Faxes > right-click on the desired printer and choose Add.
Connect the printer and power it on. Windows will detect the printer and install the needed drivers.*

8
A Windows 7 computer has several printers configured in the Control Panel Devices and Printers window. Which printer will the computer choose to be the first option for printing?

the software-based printer that is used to create XPS files
a manual selection, which is always needed
the printer that is set as the default printer*
the software-based printer that is used to create PDF files

9
What are two methods to share a printer wirelessly? (Choose two.)

infrared*
satellite
WiMax
IEEE 802.11 standards*
microwave

10
A user discovers that an inkjet color printer is printing different colors from those that are shown on the screen. What can be done to solve this problem?

Replace the fuser.
Replace the drum.
Adjust the printer spool.
Calibrate the printer.*

11
The users on a LAN are reporting that computers respond slowly whenever high resolution photographs are being printed on the color laser printer. What would be the cause of this problem?

The printer is not configured for duplex printing.
The printer does not have enough memory to buffer an entire photograph.*
The paper is not adequate for photograph printing.
The printer is not configured for the proper paper orientation.

12
What is a characteristic of global and per-document options in print settings?

It is not possible to configure per-document options.
Per-document options override global options.*
Global options take precedence over per-document options.
It is not possible to configure global options.

13
What is true about the PostScript language?

It prints faster than other languages do.
It handles complex printing jobs.*
It requires less printer memory than other languages require.
It allows the page to be rendered in the local workstation.

14
What are two closed-ended questions that a technician could ask a user while trying to identify the problem with a printer? (Choose two.)

Can you print a test page on the printer?*
What were you doing when the problem occurred?
What recent software or hardware changes have been made to your computer?
Is the printer powered on?*
What error messages were displayed when the problem occurred?

15
After applying a solution to a printer problem, a technician restarts the printer and prints a test page. Which step of the troubleshooting process is the technician applying?

documenting findings, actions, and outcomes
testing a theory to determine the cause of the problem
verifying the solution and system functionality*
identifying the problem

16
A user notices that a job submitted to a printer is displayed in the print queue, but the printer is not printing the document. What is a probable cause of this problem?

an incorrect printer driver
the wrong paper type
a bad cable connection*
a printer spooler not installed

17
A technician recorded that a new fuser roller unit was installed in a laser printer to solve a printing problem. Which step in the troubleshooting process did the technician just perform?

verifying the solution and system functionality
testing a theory to determine the cause of the problem
identifying the problem
documenting findings, actions, and outcomes*

18
Where would network printer sharing be configured in a Windows 7 environment?

Network and Sharing Center*
Ease of Access Center
Devices and printers
Printers and Other Hardware

19
What are two functions of a print server? (Choose two.)

ensure that the connected client computers have up-to-date printer drivers
store backups of documents sent to the printer
provide uninterrupted power to the printer
provide print resources to all connected client computers*
store print jobs in a queue until the printer is ready*

20
Which action supports an effective printer preventive maintenance program?

Clean inkjet print heads when they stop working.
Replace laser printer toner at set predetermined time intervals.
Reset the printer page counters if available.*
Disconnect the printer from the power source when it is not in use.

21
Which two replacement parts are typically found in a laser printer maintenance kit? (Choose two.)

pack of paper
toner cartridge
replacement print head
transfer rollers*
fuser assembly*

22
How can the life of a thermal printer be extended?

Clean the inside of the printer with a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter.
Wipe the outside of the printer with a damp cloth.
Clean the heating element regularly with isopropyl alcohol.*
Keep the paper dry in a low humidity environment.

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 8 Exam Answers

1
What is a good source for safely downloading Android apps?

the Apple App Store
iTunes
freeware sites
Google Play*

2
What two functions can be performed with the home button on an iOS mobile device? (Choose two.)

lock the device
the same functions as the Android navigation buttons*
start voice control*
reset the device to the factory default
start the TouchFLO interface

3
What are two potential user benefits of rooting or jailbreaking a mobile device? (Choose two.)

A custom OS may reduce sandboxing features.
The operating system can be fine-tuned to improve the speed of the device.*
The operation of the carrier cellular network may be affected.
The user interface can be extensively customized.*
The root directory of the device is blocked.

4
What are two purposes of the passcode lock feature on mobile devices? (Choose two.)

to erase all personal data from the device
to remotely lock the device if it is stolen
to return the device to the default factory state
to place the device into a power saving state*
to restore and re-synchronize the device
to help prevent theft of private information*

5
What is an advantage of using flash memory to store data in mobile devices?

Flash memory has a drive head that moves, reducing the seek time to locate data.
Flash memory requires very little power to store and retrieve data.*
Flash memory is not affected by ESD.
Flash memory is highly resistant to water and cold.

6
What are two touchscreen characteristics that are used by most mobile devices? (Choose two.)

an electrical field of the screen that is interrupted when the user touches the screen*
three layers responsible for conducting electricity with a small air gap between them
a glass screen that is coated with a capacitor
two transparent layers of material capable of conducting electricity*
two colored layers of material capable of conducting electricity

7
Which component is field-replaceable in most mobile devices?

memory card*
RAM
touchscreen
CPU

8
Which mobile device troubleshooting procedure is correct?

When a problem appears with a mobile device, the owner should analyze if it is cost-effective to fix it.*
Mobile devices change so rapidly in design and functionality it is always better to replace the device rather than repair it.
Mobile device problems always result in sending the device to the manufacturer for troubleshooting.
Every time a mobile devices freezes, the owner can reinitialize it by pressing the reset button.

9
A user accidentally drops a mobile device into a pool. What corrective action should be taken?

Contact the manufacturer for repair or replacement.*
Use a hair dryer to dry the phone.
Open the device and replaced damaged components.
If the mobile device does not turn on, throw it away and buy a new one.

10
After being left in a car for many hours on a hot day, an iPhone cannot be turned on. What should the user do to fix this problem?

Buy a new power button and replace it.
Disassemble the phone and look for heat related damage.
Return the phone to the manufacturer for repair.*
Place the phone in a refrigerated space and allow the unit to cool down.

11
After an upgrade to a mobile device, some applications are no longer working, but some work fine. The user can make calls and send and receive email. Which two kinds of problems could be related to these issues? (Choose two.)

a software problem*
a touchscreen problem
a cell service problem
a circuit board problem
a memory problem*

12
Which scenario or situation would prevent a user from upgrading the OS on an Android device?

The software copyright was not obtained before the installation.
The correct patches were not installed.
The hardware does not meet specifications.*
Permission was not obtained from the manufacturer.

13
Which two conditions must be met for mobile device security measures such as remote lock and remote wipe to function? (Choose two.)

The GPS locator must be enabled.
The passcode must be disabled.
Sandboxing must be enabled.
The device must be powered on.*
The device must be connected to a network.*

14
Which two items common to both Android and iOS devices can be remotely backed up? (Choose two.)

photos
settings
contacts*
calendar*
messages

15
Which statement is true about wireless connectivity on an Android mobile device?

If the network SSID is not being broadcast, the device will not be able to connect to the network.
When the device roams out of the range of any Wi-Fi networks, it can connect to the cellular data network if this feature is enabled.*
The Android OS does not support wireless connectivity that uses WPA2 security.
If a Wi-Fi network is secured with a password, the network must be manually configured on the device.

16
This is a flash item. Please click below to answer this item.


17
In the context of mobile devices, what does the term tethering involve?

connecting a mobile device to a USB port on a computer in order to charge the mobile device
connecting a mobile device to a hands-free headset
connecting a mobile device to another mobile device or computer to share a network connection*
connecting a mobile device to a 4G cellular network

18
Which statement is true about industry standards for cellular networks?

First generation cellular standards are mostly digital standards.
Third generation cellular standards require a maximum of 1 Gb/s for devices moving slowly, such as when a user has a mobile device and is walking.
Cellular standards have made it more difficult and expensive to make calls to people that are on a different network.
Cell phones that use a single standard can often only be used in specific geographic areas.*

19
Which statement about synchronizing a mobile device to a PC is true?

To synchronize data on an iOS device, iTunes must be installed on the PC.*
Motocast USB can be used to synchronize data when using an iOS device.
iOS synchronization can only be performed over a USB connection.
Data on Android devices cannot be synchronized with a PC.

20
A technician is configuring email on a mobile device. The user wants to be able to keep the original email on the server, organize it into folders, and synchronize the folders between the mobile device and the server. Which email protocol should the technician use?

MIME
POP3
SMTP
IMAP*

21
Which mobile device security feature requires the user to slide a finger over the screen in a specific sequence to unlock the device?

simple passcode
pattern*
remote wipe
slide

22
Which term describes the ability of a mobile device to recognize when two or more points of contact are made on the screen?

large touch
many touch
multitouch*
long touch

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 7 Exam Answers

1
Which two statements are true of a laptop CPU when compared to a desktop CPU? (Choose two.)

The laptops consume more power.
The laptop CPUs are interchangeable with desktop CPUs.
The laptops are designed to produce less heat.*
The laptops operate at higher clock speeds.
The laptops use smaller cooling devices.*

2
In the power management settings, which two devices can be set to turn off to conserve battery power? (Choose two.)

cooling fans
memory
hard disk drive*
display*
CPU

3
What is the first step in the process of troubleshooting a laptop?

Verify full functionality.
Determine the exact cause.
Establish probable causes.
Identify the problem.*

4
What is the final task for a technician after troubleshooting a laptop?

Verify full functionality.
Correct the problem.
Document the problem and the solution.*
Implement preventive measures.

5
What can a user do to reconnect a laptop to a functioning wireless network after a laptop has been moved and the connection has been lost?

Reboot the operating system.
Plug in the power cord to the wall outlet.
Recharge the battery.
Change the orientation of the laptop.*

6
Why are SODIMMs well suited for laptops?

They do not produce heat.
They have a small form factor.*
They are interchangeable with desktops.
They connect to external ports.

7
An administrator tries to configure Power Options within Windows, but is unable to do so. What is the possible cause?

Thermal management has been enabled.
ACPI has not been enabled in the BIOS.*
The administrator does not have user privileges to change the settings.
Wake-On-LAN has been enabled.

8
A technician is trying to remove a SODIMM module from a laptop. What is the correct way to do this?

Pull outward by holding the center of the SODIMM module.
Apply downward force on the SODIMM module.
Press outward on the clips that hold the sides of the SODIMM.*
Desolder the SODIMM module.

9
What should a technician do prior to replacing a keyboard on a laptop?

Remove all sources of power from the laptop.*
Remove the LCD screen.
Remove the outer casing of the laptop.
Remove the power inverter.

10
Which two internal expansion slots in laptops are commonly used to install wireless adapter cards? (Choose two.)

ISA
PCIe
Mini-PCIe*
PCI
PCI Express Micro*

11
What is the next step in the troubleshooting process after a solution has been implemented on a laptop?

Return the device to the customer.
Verify the solution.*
Document the solution.
Ask the customer to explain the problem.

12
A technician notices that a laptop display appears stretched and pixelated. What is a probable cause of this?

The power inverter is failing.
The display properties are incorrectly set.*
The screen has been burned in.
The power management features are incorrectly set.
One of the RAM modules is failing.

13
Which statement is true about laptops?

Most of the internal components that are designed for laptops cannot be used for desktops.*
Laptop CPUs do not use cooling devices.
Laptops use fewer components than desktops use.
Laptop motherboards have standard form factors.

14
What is a definition for CPU throttling?

overclocking
upgrading the CPU without changing the motherboard
the sharing of processing between two or more cores
the ability to modify CPU clock speed as needed*

15
What is the purpose of the eject button on a laptop docking station?

to open the CD/DVD tray
to detach the laptop from the docking station*
to disconnect a USB device
to remove the laptop battery

16
Which key sequence may be used to control whether the content of the screen will be presented on a built-in display or on an external display?

Fn + *
Shift +
Ctrl +
Alt +

17
What would be the most effective preventive maintenance routine for company laptops that are subject to high use?

a reactive routine that is performed monthly
a proactive routine that is performed monthly and as needed*
a proactive routine that is performed every six months
a reactive routine that is performed only as needed

18
To clean laptops, which two products are recommended? (Choose two.)

car wax
rubbing alcohol
cotton swabs*
ammonia
mild cleaning solution*

19
A technician has been asked to decide which laptop components should be cleaned on a monthly basis as part of a maintenance routine. What are two examples of components that should be included? (Choose two.)

CPU
hard disk platters and heads
exterior case*
keyboard*
RAM

20
A technician has installed a wireless Ethernet card in a Windows 7 laptop. Where would the technician configure a new wireless connection?

Control Panel > Networking and Sharing Center > Set up a new connection or network*
Control Panel > System > Device Manager
Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services
Control Panel > Internet Options

21
Which component or components would be interchangeable between a laptop and and a desktop PC?

CPU
peripheral devices*
motherboard
power supply

22
A user needs to connect a Bluetooth device to a laptop. Which type of cable is needed to accomplish this?

USB cable
EIA/TIA 232 cable
None. Bluetooth connections are wireless.*
parallel cable
VGA cable

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapters 1-6 Checkpoint Exam Answers

1. Which wireless security procedure should be used to hide the WLAN ID from wireless clients?

Configure WEP only on the access point.
Disable the broadcast of the SSID on the access point.*
Decrease the antenna spectrum on each wireless client.
Configure MAC address filtering on the access point.
Install WAP on the wireless clients.

2. When upgrading a CPU, what must be applied between the new CPU and the heat sink/fan?

Adhesive gel or paste
Penetrating oil
Thermal compound*
Lubricating grease

3. After a Windows operating system has been installed, which program would a technician use to select the programs that will run at startup?

Task Manager
Msconfig*
Ntldr
Regedit

4. What is the default file system used during a fresh installation of Windows 7?

FAT32
FAT16
HPFS
NTFS*

5. Which type of device would be used on a laptop to verify the identity of a user?

A biometric identification device*
A MIDI device
A touch screen
A digitizer

6. What can a technician do to help protect wireless network equipment from the effects of RFI?

Lower the humidity level.
Keep the equipment plugged into a surge protector.
Keep the equipment on an antistatic mat.
Remove cordless telephones from the area.*

7. What are two consequences of setting an incorrect boot order in the system BIOS? (Choose two.)

The computer displays an ‘Inaccessible Boot Device’ error after POST.
The computer displays an ‘Invalid Boot Disk’ error after POST.*
The computer continually restarts without displaying the desktop.
The computer displays a ‘Missing NTLDR’ error after POST.*
The computer locks up without any error messages.

8. A network technician has been asked to determine the best Internet connection for a branch office located in a new metropolitan office building. Which connection would provide the highest bandwidth and reliability at the lowest cost?

ISDN
DSL*
Dial-up
Satellite

9. Why does a technician wear an antistatic wrist strap?

To prevent damage to electronic components inside the computer*
To be grounded while working on the computer
To keep sensitive computer components dust-free before installation
To use the power supply of the computer to store static electricity

10. When installing a network adapter into a client computer, a technician notices that the contacts on the adapter need to be cleaned. Which solution should the technician use to clean the contact?

Glass cleaner
Slightly abrasive cleanser
Mild detergent
Isopropyl alcohol*

11. Which location on a hard disk is used by the BIOS to search for operating system instructions in order to boot a PC?

The Windows partition
The logical drive
The active partition*
The extended partition

12. A technician is troubleshooting a computer that is experiencing hardware failure detected by the BIOS. What is one way this failure is indicated?

The computer returns an error message that indicates the I/O address of the failing device.
The computer automatically boots into Safe Mode and displays a warning on the screen.
The computer emits a pattern of beeps indicating the failing device.*
The screen flashes with a red background and displays a warning message.

13.

Refer to the exhibit. Which two port types are shown in the graphic?

USB*
Parallel
Serial
Network*
Modem

14. What is the purpose of RAID adapters?

To provide enhanced audio and graphic capabilities
To connect multiple storage devices for redundancy or speed*
To allow older PCI technology expansion slots to be used
To connect peripheral devices to a PC to improve performance

15. A technician has installed a new sound card in a PC but it is not operating correctly. Where should the technician look to investigate driver problems?

My computer
Computer Management
Device Manager*
System Tools

16. After a computer is powered on, Windows 7 fails to start. What initial procedure would a technician use to deal with this failure?

Boot from a Windows 7 installation media and access the System Restore utility.*
Access the Control Panel and choose Restore Files from Backup from the System and Security menu.
Create a System Repair Disc and restore the image.
Press the F2 key during the boot process and start the computer is Safe Mode.

17. A technician wants to create a new partition on a new additional hard drive. Which tool should be used?

Disk Management*
Scandisk
Disk Defragmenter
Device Manager
Chdsk

18. A technician notices that an application is not responding to commands and that the computer seems to respond slowly when applications are opened. What is the best administrative tool to force the release of system resources from the unresponsive application?

System Restore
Event Viewer
Task Manager*
Add or Remove Programs

19. Which key or key sequence pressed during the boot process will allow a user to start a Windows PC using the last known good configuration?

Windows key
F12
Alt-Z
F1
F8*

20. Which Windows hard drive partition is commonly referred to as the C: drive?

The first primary partition*
The first extended partition
The first logical partition
The first volume partition

21. A technician needs to purchase a new video adapter for a computer. In addition to performance and price, which factor should be considered when selecting the adapter?

Type of installed hard drive
Motherboard manufacturer
Expansion slot type*
Amount of installed system memory

22. A computer user complains of a computer that freezes up after about five minutes of use. The technician checks the computer BIOS to see if there might be a configuration problem that is causing the computer to behave consistently in this manner. While the technician is reviewing the information, the computer once again freezes. What is the probable cause of the computer problem?

The CPU fan is not functioning.*
The BIOS is corrupt.
The hard drive is failing.
The CMOS battery has failed.

23. A technician has replaced the batteries in all the company laptops. Which source will have information on the proper disposal requirements for the old batteries?

OSHA web site
MSDS
The website of the laptop manufacturer
Local environmental regulations*

24. Where would a technician configure a PC to boot from a CD-ROM?

Control Panel
My Computer
BIOS Settings*
Start Menu
Device Manager

25. A technician just terminated some fiber optic cable and needs to properly dispose of the hazardous waste created during the termination. Where should the technician look for the proper disposal method for the waste?

ESD
EPA
MSDS*
FEMA

26. A school is adding computers to a classroom that has none. What type of LAN would the school choose to take advantage of commonly implemented wired technologies?

Token Ring
802.11n
Ethernet*
WiMAX

27. A customer has a computer for a home business, but wants to have another computer as a web server. What would be the best solution for the customer to share the monitor, mouse, and keyboard between the two computers?

multipurpose device
access point
KVM switch*
network switch
USB hub

28. What is the default TCP destination port number or number combination that is used for SSH connections?

20/21
22*
23
25
80

29. A technician installed a network adapter in a computer and wants to test network connectivity. The ping command can receive responses from workstations on the same subnet but not from remote workstations. What could be causing the problem?

The NIC driver is out of date.
The default gateway is incorrect.*
The operating system is not compatible with the remote sites.
The TCP/IP protocol stack is not loaded.

30. Which product is recommended to remove the dust from inside a computer?

compressed air*
household vacuum cleaner
damp cloth
dry cloth

31. Which command should a computer technician use on a PC to restore protected system files with known good versions?

defrag
chkdsk
sfc/scannow*
msconfig

32. The current IP configuration of a medium size company with several subnets is done manually and is time-consuming. Because of increased network growth, a technician needs a simpler way for IP configuration of workstations. Which service or protocol would simplify the workstation IP configuration task?

ICMP
DNS
APIPA
DHCP*

33. What are the four layers in the TCP/IP reference model?

application, presentation, internet, network access
application, transport, internet, data link
application, transport, internet, network access*
application, presentation, session, transport
physical, data link, internet, transport

34. A PC that running the Windows 7 operating system has slowed down over a period of time and now takes a long time to launch applications and open various documents. What can be done to remedy the problem?

Dr. Watson
System Restore
Disk Defragmenter*
Chkdsk

35. A computer is assigned an IP address of 169.254.33.16. What can be said about the computer, based on the assigned address?

it cannot communicate outside its own network.*
it has a public IP address that has been translated to a private IP address.
it can communicate on the local network as well as on the Internet.
it can communicate with networks inside a particular company with subnets.

36. A user complains about being unable to connect to the wireless network. Which two actions should be part of troubleshooting the wireless connection? (Choose two.)

Verify in the laptop software whether any wireless networks are detected.*
Verify that the laptop is plugged into an electrical outlet.
Reconfigure TCP/IP settings on the laptop.
Try moving the laptop to different places to see if a signal can be detected.*
Reinsert the laptop battery.

37. Which recommendation should be observed when replacing existing memory?

The new memory should exceed the capacity of the hard drive.
The new memory should operate at the same speed as the hard drive.
The new memory should be as fast or faster than existing memory.*
The new memory should be as fast or faster as the cache found in the processor.

38. A network specialist has been hired to install a network in a company that assembles airplane engines. Because of the nature of the business, the area is highly affected by electromagnetic interference. Which type of network media should be recommended so that the data communication will not be affected by EMI?

coaxial
STP
fiber optic*
UTP

39. A company is expanding its business to other countries. All branch offices must remain connected to corporate headquarters at all times. Which network technology is required to support this scenario?

LAN
WLAN
MAN
WAN*

40. Which step in the troubleshooting process is important to help avoid repeating repair processes that were performed previously?

implementation of the solution
documentation of the problem and its solution*
preparation of a plan of action
identification of the problem

41. Which two connectors are DVI connectors? (Choose two.)

42. What are three main characteristics of a Windows 64-bit operating system?

The 64-bit operating system memory management system enhances program performance.*
The 64-bit operating system can recognize more than 128 GB of RAM.*

The 64-bit operating system has fewer registers to manage applications.
The 64-bit operating system has additional security features.*
The 64-bit operating system has a built-in virtualization mode.
The 64-bit operating system runs on a RISC chip architecture.

43. What is an example of PC virtualization?

sharing video and music files in a homegroup network
running an instance of Windows Vista from inside a Windows 7 OS*
configuring a small network to allow an application to be accessed by other PCs in the office
setting up a peer-to-peer network so that a laser printer can be accessed by all workstations

44. A specific computer has an issue that could not be resolved by the help desk technician. The on-site technician finds that Windows updates have been disabled. The technician re-enables the update service, configures the computer for automatic updates, downloads and installs all missing updates, ensures the computer boots successfully, and verifies with the customer that the issue has been resolved. Which step, if any, is next?

Document the findings, actions, and outcomes.*
Establish a plan of action to resolve the problem and implement the solution.
Verify full system functionality and, if applicable, implement preventive measures.
Test the theory to determine the cause.
No further action needed.

45. A technician is designing a hardware preventive maintenance plan for a company. Which strategy should be included in the plan?

Omit performing maintenance operations on components until the equipment malfunction.
Schedule and document routine maintenance tasks.*
Avoid performing maintenance operations on plug and play devices that are controlled by the operating system.
Only clean equipment that is requested by the customer.

46. A helpdesk technician takes a call, “Good morning, this is the helpdesk. My name is Greg. How may I help you today?” The frantic caller states, “My computer will not turn on and I have a presentation in 15 minutes.” The technician responds, “Now calm down and let us see what we can do.” The technician then proceeds to lead the caller through the process of checking power cables and power lights. Which troubleshooting step is being used at this point?

Identify the problem.*
Establish a plan of action to resolve the problem.
Implement a solution.
Verify full system functionality and, if applicable, implement preventive measures.
Establish a theory of probable cause.

47. On a computer that will not boot, which two actions are recommended in the troubleshooting process after verifying the obvious issues such as power to the computer and display, non-bootable media, and the BIOS boot order options? (Choose two.)

Reinstall the operating system.
Remove unnecessary peripherals.*
Replace computer components one at a time until the problem is solved.
Reset the BIOS settings to factory default.
Use the Last Known Good Configuration.*
Reinstall the user applications.

48. Which type of standard interface allows users to connect and disconnect peripheral devices while the computer is running without having to restart?

PATA
SATA
USB*
IDE

49. What is the most important reason for the company that the preventive maintenance be done?

Preventive maintenance helps to protect the computer equipment against future problems.*
Preventive maintenance enables the IT manager to check on the location and state of the computer assets.
Preventive maintenance provides an opportunity for junior technicians to obtain more experience in a non-threatening or problem.
Preventive maintenance allows the IT department to regularly monitor the contents of user hard drives to ensure computer use policies are being followed.

50. What is the distance limitation of a single data run for UTP cabling without adding networking devices?

33 ft (10 m)
100 ft (31 m)
330 ft (100 m)*
500 ft (154 m)

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 6 Exam Answers

1.

Which network device makes forwarding decisions based on the destination MAC address that is contained in the frame?

repeater
hub
switch*
router

2
A customer is considering a multipurpose device to create a home network. Which three devices are usually integrated into a multipurpose network device? (Choose three.)

email server
router*
switch*
web server
wireless access point*
print server

3
Which technology would be recommended for a business that requires workers to access the Internet while visiting customers at many different locations?

ADSL
VPN
cellular*
ISDN

4
When is a dial-up connection used to connect to an Internet provider?

when a high-speed connection is provided over a cable TV network
when a digital connection is provided using ISDN
when a regular telephone line is used*
when a cellular telephone provides the service

5
Which type of connection to the Internet is capable of the fastest transfer rates?

ISDN BRI
dial-up
ISDN PRI
cable*

6
Which statement describes the logical topology for a LAN?

It describes how computers access the LAN medium.*
It depicts the locations of main routers and switches in a LAN.
It lists the number of computers, routers, and switches on the LAN.
It defines how computers connect to a LAN.

7
ABC Company requires preventive maintenance for all local network cabling once a year. Which task should be included in the preventive maintenance program?

Replace all labeling on the cables.
Replace all cable supports to prevent loose attachment points.
Disconnect and reconnect all patch cables.
Inspect all patch cables for breaks.*

8
What is an example of network maintenance?

immediately turning off a network device if the network device is making an unusual sound
educating users on IT policies and procedures*
using cable supports to identify the devices to which the cables are connected
not doing preventive maintenance regularly if the maintenance interrupts network activity

9
A technician is troubleshooting a problem where the user claims access to the Internet is not working, but there was access to the Internet the day before. Upon investigation, the technician determines that the user cannot access the network printer in the office either. The network printer is on the same network as the computer. The computer has 169.254.100.88 assigned as an IP address. What is the most likely problem?

The router that connects this network to other networks is down.
The network interface card driver needs to be updated.
The IP default gateway on the computer is incorrect.
The computer cannot communicate with a DHCP server.*

10
Which technology is most often used to connect devices to a PAN?

Bluetooth*
IEEE 802.11n wireless
fiber optic cabling
coaxial cabling

11
Which three layers of the OSI model map to the application layer of the TCP/IP model? (Choose three.)

data link
application*
network
transport
physical
session*
presentation*

12
A device has an IPv6 address listed as 2001:0DB8:75a3:0214:0607:1234:aa10:ba01. What is the interface ID of the device?

ba01
0607:1234:aa10:ba01*
2001:0DB8:75a3
2001:0DB8

13
What is a characteristic of the UDP protocol?

low overhead*
error correction
guaranteed delivery
end-to-end establishment before delivery

14
What would be a disadvantage of configuring a wireless router or access point to operate only in accordance with the 802.11g protocol standard?

802.11a wireless devices will not be able to connect to the wireless network.*
The 802.11g standard does not support static IP addressing.
The 802.11g standard does not support advanced network security features.
Using only 802.11g will cause multiple SSIDs to be broadcast.

15
What is the maximum segment length that is specified by the 1000BASE-T standard?

1640 ft (500 m)
984 ft (300 m)
328 ft (100 m)*
3280 ft (1000 m)
607 ft (185 m)

16
Which two characteristics describe Ethernet technology? (Choose two.)

It is supported by IEEE 802.3 standards.*
It is supported by IEEE 802.5 standards.
It typically uses an average of 16 Mb/s for data transfer rates.
It uses a ring topology.
It uses the CSMA/CD access control method.*

17
Which three factors are reasons for a company to choose a client/server model for a network instead of peer-to-peer? (Choose three.)

The company network requires secure access to confidential information.*
Each user understands how to safely share files across a network.
All employees passed a strict background check as part of the corporate hiring practices.
The data gathered by the employees is critical and should be backed up on a regular basis.*
The network is small with fewer than eight users.
The users need a central database to store inventory and sales information.*

18
What benefit is provided by a computer data network?

increased security
decentralized administration
resource sharing*
simplified troubleshooting

19
When would a printer be considered a network host?

when it is connected to a workstation
when it is connected to a laptop
when it is connected to a switch*
when it is connected to a PC

20
A user can print to a printer that is on the same network, but the traffic of the user cannot reach the Internet. What is a possible cause of the problem?

The PC default gateway address is missing or incorrect.*
The NIC on the PC is faulty.
The PC has an incorrect IP address.
The network cable connected to the user PC is faulty.

21
What is identified by the 100 in the 100BASE-TX standard?

the maximum cable distance in meters
the series number of the standard
the maximum number of network nodes
the maximum bandwidth in Mb/s*

22
A user installs a new gigabit NIC in a PC. The user notices that the data transfer rate is much slower than expected. What should the user do to fix the problem?

Change the NIC duplex setting from half duplex to full duplex.*
Disable sleep mode.
Disable hibernation mode.
Change the value assigned to the NIC wake-on-LAN setting.

23
A company adds a few refurbished computers to a network. The company finds, however, that the refurbished computers perform significantly worse than the original networked computers do. The original computers performed much faster with applications that required the transfer of data over the network. What should the company technicians do?

Check if the refurbished computers are using a VPN.
Check if the network interface cards in the refurbished computers are limited to 10 Mb/s.*
Check if subnet mask is correct.
Check if the gateway address is correct.

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 5 Exam Answers

1
What are two features of the active partition of a hard drive? (Choose two.)

The active partition must be a primary partition.*
Up to four primary partitions can be marked as active.
The operating system uses the active partition to boot the system.*
The active partition may include the manufacturer recovery partition.
An active partition must be assigned C: as the drive letter.

2
Which Windows administrative tool displays the usage of a number of computer resources simultaneously and can help a technician decide if an upgrade is needed?

Services
Performance Monitor*
Component Services
Event Viewer

3
A Windows computer locks with a stop error during startup then automatically reboots. The rebooting is making it difficult to see any error messages. What can be done so that the error messages can be viewed?

Use the Event Log and other diagnostic utilities to research the stop error messages.
View the error messages and recover the system using the System Image Recovery tool.
In Safe Mode use the Advanced Startup Options menu to disable the auto restart function.*
Use the Last Known Good Configuration option to restart the operating system.

4
What are two functions of an operating system? (Choose two.)

web browsing
controlling the BIOS
controlling hardware access*
managing applications*
flow chart editing
program compilation
text processing

5
What two terms can be used to describe the Windows Virtual PC? (Choose two.)

system resource management
server consolidation
hypervisor*
Virtual Machine Manager*
operating system sharing

6
A technician has loaded an incorrect video driver on a Windows 7 computer. How can the technician revert to a previous driver?

Select the video adapter card Properties in Device Manager, select the Driver tab, and click Roll Back Driver.*
Use the Devices and Printers control panel to right-click on the monitor, and select Properties.Select Roll Back Driver.
Select Create a Restore Point from System Tools.
Use regedit to remove the information about the graphics driver from the registry.

7
Which two Windows utilities can be used to help maintain hard disks on computers that have had long periods of normal use? (Choose two.)

Disk Cleanup*
Disk Format
Disk Maintenance
Disk Partition
Disk Defragmenter*

8
Which command is used from the Windows command prompt to schedule a program to run at a specific time?

TASKKILL
AT*
CMD
TASKLIST

9
A user notices that some of the programs that are installed before upgrading to Windows 7 no longer function properly after the upgrade. What can the user do to fix this problem?

Run the programs in Compatibility Mode.*
Lower the UAC setting in the Change User Account Control settings dialog box of the User Accounts control.
Use the System Restore utility.
Update the driver for the graphics card.

10
A technician notices that a program that is listed in the registry of a Windows computer is not found on that computer. What is a possible solution to the problem?

Restore the ntdetect.com file from the installation media.
Run fdisk /mbr from the command prompt.
Restore the boot.ini file from the installation media.
Reinstall the application. Then, run the uninstall program.*

11
Which Windows 7 feature allows a user to view the contents of the desktop by moving the mouse to the right edge of the taskbar?

thumbnail previews
Search
jump lists
Shake
Snap
Aero Peek*

12
A computer with the Windows 7 operating system fails to boot when the system is powered on. The technician suspects that the operating system has been attacked by a virus that rendered the system inoperable. What measure could be taken to restore system functionality?

Run chkdsk on the affected drive to restore system files to their post-installation state.
Use an incremental backup to restore the system.
Use a system image that was created prior to the failure to restore the system.*
Use a differential backup to restore the system.

13
After upgrading a computer to Windows 7, a user notices that the UAC (User Account Control) panel appears more frequently. How can the user reduce the frequency with which the UAC appears?

Replace the graphics card with one that meets the minimum hardware requirements for Windows 7.
In the Performance Options dialog box of the Performance Information and Tools control panel, choose Adjust for Best Performance.
Lower the UAC setting in the Change User Account Control settings dialog box of the User Accounts control panel.*
Reinstall all user programs in Compatibility Mode.

14
How much RAM can theoretically be addressed by a 64-bit operating system?

32 GB maximum
64 GB maximum
16 GB maximum
4 GB maximum
128 GB or more*

15
What is the term for the ability of a computer to run multiple applications at the same time?

multitasking*
multiuser
multiprocessing
multimedia

16
A Windows XP system is unable to boot properly. What is the procedure to use to boot this system into Safe Mode?

Reboot the system and press Del or F2 depending on the system.
Reboot the system, press and hold F8 until a menu is displayed, and then choose Safe Mode.*
From the command prompt run the shutdown -r -s command.
Run the MSCONFIG utility and choose the option Selective Startup.

17
A technician has installed a new video driver on a Windows XP computer and now the monitor shows distorted images. The technician needs to install a different video driver that is available on a network server. What startup mode should the technician use to access the driver on the network?

Debugging Mode
Safe Mode
Safe Mode with Networking*
Safe mode with Command Prompt

18
A technician needs to upgrade the file system on a Windows XP computer from FAT32 to NTFS without losing user data. Which course of action should be taken to upgrade the file system to NTFS?

Use the Disk Management utility to convert the drive from Basic to Dynamic, which changes the file system to NTFS automatically.
Reformat all of the existing partitions and use the NTFS file system.
Run the CONVERT.EXE utility to convert the file system to NTFS.*
Reinstall Windows XP and to format the drive choose NTFS when prompted.

19
To which category of hypervisor does the Microsoft Virtual PC belong?

Type 1
Type 2*
Type 3
Type 4

20
A college uses virtualization technology to deploy information security courses. Some of the lab exercises involve studying the characteristics of computer viruses and worms. What is an advantage of conducting the lab exercises inside the virtualized environment as opposed to using actual PCs?

The viruses and worms will have limited functionality inside the virtualized environment.
Virus and worm attacks are more easily controlled in a virtualized environment, thus helping to protect the college network and its devices from attack.*
The virtualization environment has better tools to develop mitigation solutions.
The lab exercises are performed faster inside of the virtualized environment.

21
What are two advantages of the NTFS file system compared with FAT32? (Choose two.)

NTFS is easier to configure.
NTFS provides more security features.*
NTFS supports larger files.*
NTFS allows faster access to external peripherals such as a USB drive.
NTFS allows faster formatting of drives.
NTFS allows the automatic detection of bad sectors.

22
Which two statements are true about restore points? (Choose two.)

A technician should always create them after updating the operating system.
They are useful to restore the computer to an earlier time when the system worked properly.*
They recover personal files that have been corrupted or deleted.
They contain information about the system and registry settings that are used by the Windows operating system.*
They back up personal data files.

23
A user notices that a PC is running slowly and exhibits a delayed response to keyboard commands. What is a probable cause of this symptom?

The video card does not support the resolution that is being used.
A recently installed device driver is incompatible with the boot controller.
A process is using most of the CPU resources.*
One or more program files have been deleted.

24

What would be the result of having a corrupt Master Boot Record?

The printer will function incorrectly.
The operating system will fail to start.*
A new application will fail to install.
The keyboard will be unresponsive to the user.

IT Essentials v5.0 Chapter 4 Exam Answers

1
Which task should be part of a software maintenance routine?

Check for and secure any loose cables.
Remove dust from the power supply.
Defragment the hard drive.*
Back up the data, reformat the hard drive, and reinstall the data.

2
What is the purpose of documenting the information that is obtained from the customer in the work order?

to create a centralized database of possible problems
to use the information for marketing purposes
to keep track of parts that are ordered
to use the information to aid in solving the problem*

3
What is a recommended procedure to follow when cleaning computer components?

Blow compressed air on cooling fans so that they will spin when dust is being removed.
Hold cans of compressed air upright while spraying.*
Use window cleaner on LCD screens.
Remove the CPU before cleaning.

4
After a technician tests a theory of probable causes, what two actions should the technician take if the testing did not identify an exact cause? (Choose two.)

Establish a new theory of probable causes.*
Document each test tried that did not correct the problem.*
Test all remaining possible causes starting with the most complex.
Use a top down approach to isolate the cause of the problem.
Randomly replace components one at a time until the problem is solved.

5
Which device is most likely to be affected by an incorrect setting saved in CMOS or an incorrect jumper setting?

hard drive*
printer
power supply
monitor

6
A technician is performing hardware maintenance of PCs at a construction site. What task should the technician perform as part of a preventive maintenance plan?

Develop and install forensic tracking software.
Perform an audit of all software that is installed.
Remove dust from intake fans.*
Back up the data, reformat the hard drive, and reinstall the data.

7
A user has opened a ticket that indicates that the computer clock keeps losing the correct time. What is the most likely cause of the problem?

The CPU needs to be overclocked.
The operating system needs to be patched.
The CMOS battery is loose or failing.*
The motherboard clocking crystal is damaged.

8
Which two common computer problems could cause a motherboard to short-circuit? (Choose two.)

a dusty CPU fan
a loose PATA cable
loose case screws*
bent drive cable pins
unseated adapter cards*

9
An employee reports that each time a workstation is started it locks up after about 5 minutes of use. What is the most likely cause of the problem?

The hard disk is failing.
The RAM is malfunctioning.
The CPU experiences overheating.*
The power supply fails to provide adequate voltage and current.

10
An employee reports that the antivirus software cannot obtain updates. The support technician notices that the license for the software has expired. The technician adds a new license to the software and completes the update service. What should the technician do next?

Record the new license number in the log.
Download advanced antivirus software from another vendor.
Run a full virus scan on the computer.*
Review the Event Viewer for the date and time that the last software update was performed.

11
Which two items could be used to help establish a plan of action when resolving a computer problem? (Choose two.)

BIOS diagnostics
a multimeter
the computer repair history log*
a loopback plug
the computer manual*

12
After a new PCIe video card is added, the computer seems to boot successfully but it will not display any video. The computer was working properly before the new video card was installed. What is the most likely cause of the problem?

The monitor cable is faulty.
The saved CMOS settings are set to use the built-in video adapter.*
The PC does not have enough RAM to support the new video card.
The new video card is not compatible with the CPU in the PC.

13
A scientific expedition team is using laptops for their work. The temperatures where the scientists are working range from -13 degrees Fahrenheit (-25 degree Celsius) to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius). The humidity level is around 40 percent. Noise levels are low, but the terrain is rough and winds can reach 45 miles per hour (72 kilometers per hour). When needed, the scientists stop walking and enter the data using the laptop. Which condition is most likely to adversely affect a laptop that is used in this environment?

the wind
the rough terrain
the humidity
the temperature*

14
What is part of creating a preventive maintenance plan?

performing hardware upgrades
performing a forensic audit of security breaches
documenting the details and frequency of each maintenance task*
discarding all replaced parts

15
What is the preferred method to remove a disc from an optical drive that fails to eject the disc?

Remove the top of the drive enclosure.
Send the drive to an authorized repair depot.
Insert a pin into the small hole on the front of the drive.*
Use a small screwdriver and pry the drive door open.

16
A customer reports that recently several files cannot be accessed. The service technician decides to check the hard disk status and the file system structure. The technician asks the customer if a backup has been performed on the disk and the customer replies that the backup was done a week ago to a different logical partition on the disk. What should the technician do before performing diagnostic procedures on the disk?

Install a new hard disk as the primary disk, then make the current disk a slave.
Perform file restore from the existing backup copy at the logical partition.
Run the CHKDSK utility.
Back up the user data to a removable drive.*

17
During the process of testing a theory of several probable causes to a problem, which should be tested first?

the easiest and most obvious*
those chosen by random selection
the most complex and difficult to diagnose
those the customer believes to be the most important

18
During the troubleshooting of a PC that will not boot, it is suspected that the problem is with the RAM modules. The RAM modules are removed and put into another PC, which successfully powers on. The RAM modules are then put back into the original PC and it now successfully powers on as well. What was the most likely cause of the problem?

The RAM modules were not seated firmly.*
The RAM modules were inserted backwards into the DIMM slots.
The RAM modules did not match the PC specs.
The RAM modules have bad blocks.

19
Which component can be easily damaged by the direct spray of compressed air when cleaning the inside the computer case?

cable connectors
power supply
fan*
heat sink
CPU

20
Which step of the six-step troubleshooting process is where a technician would ask the computer user to print a document on a newly installed printer?

Test the theory to determine the cause.
Verify full system functionality and, if applicable, implement preventive measures.*
Establish a theory of probable cause.
Document findings, actions, and outcomes.
Establish a plan of action to resolve the problem and implement the solution.
Identify the problem.

21
Which two types of data should be backed up before troubleshooting a computer for a customer? (Choose two.)

Windows operating system files
BIOS system file
Internet Explorer favorites files*
driver files for the hard disk
documents that are created by the customer*

22
A web designer installed the latest video editing software and now notices that when the application loads, it responds slowly. Also the hard disk LED is constantly flashing when the application is in use. What is a solution to solve the performance problem?

replacing the hard disk with a faster model
upgrading to a faster CPU
replacing the video card with a model that has a DVI output
adding more RAM*